HOA KỲ & ĐỒNG MINH – CHIẾN TRANH VIỆT NAM: Các Cố vấn của Hải quân Hoa Kỳ ở Việt Nam: “Hạm đội Chỉ Huy” 1968 Phim huấn luyện của HQ Hoa Kỳ – US Navy Advisors in Vietnam: “The Fleet Command” 1968 United States Navy Training Film
Published on Aug 29, 2016
This 1968 Navy training film explained the duties of advisers to the Vietnamese Navy Fleet Command. It also features footage of many of the American built warships used by the Vietnamese Navy Fleet Command. Source: Naval History and Heritage Command, Photographic Section UM-20.
US Navy Training Film MN-10339c
The Republic of Vietnam Navy – VNN (Vietnamese: Hải quân Việt Nam Cộng hòa – HQVNCH) was the naval branch of the Republic of Vietnam’s Military Forces, the official military of the former Republic of Vietnam (or South Vietnam) from 1955 to 1975. The early fleet consisted of boats from France. After 1955 and the transfer of the armed forces to Vietnamese control, the fleet was supplied from the United States. With assistance from the U.S., the VNN became one of the world’s largest navies with 42,000 men and women and 672 amphibious ships and craft, 20 mine warfare vessels, 450 patrol craft, 56 service craft, and 242 junks…
The origins of the Viet Nam Navy (VNN) began in 1952 with the French Navy. In 1954, in accordance with the Elysee Accords, the French handed control of the armed forces to the Vietnamese, but at the request of the Vietnamese government, continued to be in charge of the Navy until 20 August 1955. By this time the Navy numbered about 2,000 personnel, with 22 vessels. The Vietnamese then received assistance in the development of the VNN from the United States Military Assistance Advisory Group.
In 1956, the North Vietnamese began infiltrating men and arms into the Republic of Vietnam’s territory by sea. In response the VNN created the Coastal Junk Force…
Expansion of the VNN
In the late-1950s the Vietnam Navy was being modernized and developed, receiving ships and training from the United States Navy. By 1961 the VNN had a force of 23 ships, the largest of which were LSMs, 197 boats, and 5,000 men. This was insufficient to counter the growing threat of enemy infiltration and the years 1962-1964 were marked by a rapid expansion; training facilities, repair bases, and support facilities were established; communications equipment and networks improved; and organization and administrative procedures strengthened. The number of ships increased to 44 and number of personnel to 8,100.
In early 1969, President Richard M. Nixon formally adopted the policy of “Vietnamization”. The naval part, called ACTOV (“Accelerated Turnover to the Vietnamese”), involved the phased transfer to Vietnam of the U.S. river and coastal fleet, as well as operational command over various operations. In mid-1969, the VNN took sole responsibility for river assault operations when the U.S. Mobile Riverine Force stood down and transferred 64 riverine assault craft to the VNN. By the end of 1970, the U.S. Navy ceased all operations throughout South Vietnam, having transferred a total of 293 river patrol boats and 224 riverine assault craft to the VNN.
During 1970 and 1971 the United States also relinquished control of the coastal and high seas patrols to the VNN. The U.S. naval command also transferred four Coast Guard cutters, a destroyer escort radar picket ship, an LST, and various harbor control, mine craft, and support vessels. By August 1972, the VNN took responsibility for the entire coastal patrol effort when it took over the last 16 U.S. coastal radar installations.
In addition to ships and vessels, the U.S. transferred support bases. The first change of command occurred in November 1969 at Mỹ Tho, and the last in April 1972 at Nhà Bè, Bình Thủy, Cam Ranh Bay, and Đà Nẵng. By 1973, the Vietnam Navy numbered 42,000 men and over 1,400 ships and vessels.
This process continued and by the end of 1967 the personnel strength of the VNN had increased to 16,300, with 65 ships, along with 232 vessels of the River Assault Group (RAG), 290 junks, and 52 miscellaneous craft. Throughout 1968 the VNN gave priority to the improvement and expansion of their training programs in anticipation of gaining increased responsibility in the war effort as well as additional assets from the US. By the end of 1968 plans for the turnover of the majority of the United States Navy assets in Vietnam had been formulated…
Source: Jeff Quitney
Để có thêm nhiều Phim Ảnh, Phim Tài Liệu liên quan đến: HOA KỲ & ĐỒNG MINH – CHIẾN TRANH VIỆT NAM; VIỆT NAM CỘNG HOÀ; KHOA HỌC QUÂN SỰ…
Chúng tôi sẽ chọn và đăng thêm những Phim Ảnh, Phim Tài Liệu phiên bản Anh Ngữ. Nhằm phục vụ người xem giải trí hoặc tìm hiểu.
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